The Enlightened Gautam Buddha
About Gautam Buddha
Gautam Buddha, the sunshine of Asia, was one among the best men of all times. Great was his teaching that the mightiest faith of humanity became. Wonderful, too, was his life. No alternative individual of human history came to think of a god as was Buddha. No another individual had numerous followers for therefore long as a time as he had. In every sense, he was unique.
Birth of Gautam Buddha
There was a small-scale state named Kapilvastu in ancient India. It was situated in the area of modern Nepal. There lived as Kshatriya tribe called Sakyas. In the sixth century B.C. they were ruling themselves as republican people. The chief ruler of that republic was Suddhodana.
According to tradition, of course, he was a king. His wife was Mahamaya. It was 566 B.C. in the year Mahamaya gave birth to a son within the garden of Lumbini outside the town of Kapilavastu. But among seven days of the birth of the son, MahaMaya died.
The child, therefore, was placed underneath the care of its mother’s sister, MahaPrajapati by name. According to her, the name of the child was given as Siddharth Gautam. That Gautam was Buddha in the future.
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Childhood of Buddha
According to tradition, Prince Gautam grew up in the palace of his father amid prosperity and pleasure. King Suddhodana paid utmost attention to the happiness of his son. But the son was of a different nature. The pleasures of the palace were painful to him.
From childhood, young Gautam remained detached and thoughtful. As he grew up on in the years, he gradually drew away from worldly happiness. This was an excessive amount of for father Suddhodhan to endure. He tried his best to interact with the mind of the son in worldly affairs.
Marriage of Buddha
When Gautam was solely sixteen, his marriage was performed with beautiful Yasodhara. The net of attachment was tightened around him. But, beat vain To Gautama everything appeared unreal. The life and also the world did not adjacent to him any attraction. He was deeply worried about the miseries of human existence.
While his mind was in deep distress, he came across four scenes one by one. Those were the usual scenes for everybody everywhere. But for Gautam, they became matters of grave concern.
Reality of Life
One day, as he driving the chariot through the gorgeous Kapilavastu, his eyes fell solely and a recent man with wrinkled face and bent body. Gautama stopped, discovered and thought if it had been the fate of everyone to suffer the misery older.
Another day he discovered a man, sick and miserable, with his body writhing in pain. To Gautama, diseases appeared because of the companion of this earthly body.
It was however solely another day, he came across the scene of a dead body being carried only the bear towards funeral pyre. Gautama thought, for all mortals, death was the inevitable end. How unreal were the body and its existence! Finally, he came across yet another scene.
One day on the streets of Kapilavastu he saw a monk walking with none worry or care, in absolute freedom from bonds of desires. Gautama started thinking. If old age, unwellness, and death were the realities of life, how unreal and meaningless was the life itself! Was it not higher to renounce everything and head to the approach of that carefree monk in quest of real happiness.
Renounced of Buddha
The higher than four scenes brought a turning purpose in Gautama’s life. He wanted to escape the chains of the world. Time was running fast.
At the age of twenty-nine, a son was born to Gautama and Yasodhara named Rahula. To Gautama; it had been one more bond of worldly attraction. Without waiting more he determined to depart the palace and disappear into the unknown.
It was additionally as night like each other night. But within the non-secular history of human being, it was a night of incalculable significance. Gautama was twenty-nine. In the dark deep night when everybody was asleep, he secretly came out of the palace and went out of Kapilavastu. He had renounced the world.
In Search of Truth
From Kapilavastu Gautam Buddha proceeded towards Rajagriha. There he tried to accumulate information from two learned Brahmins. But his inner thirst for truth could not be glad. He wanted to discover it himself. From Rajgriha Gautama proceeded to the forests of Uruvela close to Gaya. There he began hard and painful penance. His body was reduced to a skeleton for continuous abstinence and distress.
Enlightened of Gautam Buddha
For long six years, he endured self –imposed sufferings. He was nearly in dying condition towards the top of the amount. But he had got no answer to his eternal queries. Therefore, finally, he gave up on the fruitless course. Taking as little food from the hands of Sujata, a village girl, Gautama sat down to meditate under a tree. And there he got the answers at last. He got enlightenment. From that moment, Gautama was the Buddha or the Enlightened One.
The tree under which he got enlightenment became famous as ‘Bodhi Tree’. And the place came to be known as Bodh Gaya. Buddha was at that time at 35. The truth, that Buddha got, was the eternal truth of human existence. Life is choked with suffering; desire is the reason for the suffering; suffering ends at the destruction of want; desire is destroyed by noble and right living.
After Enlightenment of Buddha
From Bodh Gaya Gautam Buddha proceeded to Saranatha near Banaras. There he preached for the primary time before 5 Brahmins the reality of his discovery. The event became famous as the Dharma Chakra Pravartana or the turning of the Wheel of Law. Those 5 Brahmins became the primary disciples of Buddha. Buddha’s work as the preacher began. There, too, begin the Buddhist order of Monks or the Sangha.
For long 45 years, Gautam Buddha preached his doctrines. At places like Banaras, Uruvela, and Rajagriha, hundreds of people became his disciples. At Shravasti, Kapilavastu, Vaishali, and Magadha, Buddha’s message spread among myriads of men. Among his famous disciples, the names of Sariputta, Sanjaya, Rahula (Buddha’s own son), Aniruddha, Ananda, Upali, and Sudatta occupy permanent places in Buddhist history.
Buddha Preached until the end of his life. He visited as numbers of places himself. To every corner of India, he sent his disciples to preach. Within a short time, his Sangha developed into one amongst the foremost powerful religious organizations ever. Buddha and his disciples preached within the simplest language in order that common people should perceive.
Last Message of Gautam Buddha
The messages of Gautam Buddha, as well as the examples of his personal life, touched the tender corners of the human heart. Kings and beggars, the learned and the illiterate, people of all sections and of all professions felt attracted towards the sayings of Buddha.
He traveled till the age of eighty. At last, at an area referred to as Kusinara or Kusi Nagar, he attained his Nirvana. Knowing that his last moment was near, he advised his disciples to put to him their last questions. At last, he gave the following advice:
“All component things in the world are changeable. They are not lasting. Work hard to gain your own salvation.”
Maha Pari-Nirvana of Buddha
While uttering these words, he closed his eyes. The Nirvana of Buddha took place interest year 486B.C.
It was Buddha’s renunciation, his search for truth, his valuable discoveries regarding the earthly sufferings of man, his earnest endeavor for the liberation of man from the bondage of desires and his final recommendation for a nobler and higher life for salvation, created deep appeals to the human mind. The story of his life has ever remained a source of religious inspiration to millions. In a world of sufferings, he suffered himself to know the means of eternal happiness. And he left to teach man the meaninglessness of worldly affairs.
Gautam Buddha’s own life was a lifetime of supreme dedication. At a time once his fame as his heights and his name was only the lips of millions of men all over India, and when monarchs bowed before him in veneration, he was himself moving with a begging bowl in hand for a morsel of food just for survival. That is however lived the best Indian ever born and therefore the founding father of the world’s largest religion.